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What Are The Types of Material Handling?

Posted on 18th February 2019 by Richard Deacon

What is Material Handling Equipment?

Before we begin to look at the different types of material handling equipment, we thought it would be a good starting point to summarise what material handling is.

Material handling equipment is a broad term that identifies a range of tools, storage units, vehicles and appliances. The equipment is usually found in numerous industry types, to aid in the transporting, storing, controlling, enumerating and the protection of products at any stage of the manufacturing process.

There are 3 main types of material handling, which we have highlighted below.

Storage and Handling Equipment

When we talk of storage and handling equipment we often refer to shelves or racks onto which materials may be stacked in an orderly manner to await transportation or consumption. Usually, this equipment comes into play during down periods in production, or when materials aren’t being transported.

Storage and Handling Equipment

Types of Storage and Handling Equipment

  • Pallet racks, drive-through or drive-in racks, push-back racks, and sliding racks.
  • Stacking frames.
  • Shelves, bins and drawers.

Engineering Systems

Usually engineering systems are fully automated, compared to the non-automated systems of storage and handling. Shuttle systems are one of the more popular Engineering systems in place, and they work hand-in-hand with storage solutions. For example, the Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems includes many racks, shelves, and storage structures where shuttle systems can locate and retrieve specific products from an inventory. Typically you will see this system in play at the major Amazon warehouses where thousands of orders come in each day and product locating and retrieving is a pivotal part of a smooth flowing business.

engineering-systems

Types of Engineering Systems

  • Conveyor systems
  • Robotic delivery systems
  • Automatic Guided Vehicles (AGV)

Bulk Material Handling Equipment

Whether it’s liquid, mineral, food or other, the bulk material handling equipment process uses equipment that can cope with high demands and items in loose form. Typically conveyor belts such as bottle conveyors that have to deal with individual bottles on a large scale basis, is a prime example of how a bulk material handling system works.

Bulk Material Handling Equipment

Types of Bulk Material Handling Equipment

  • Conveyor belts
  • Stackers
  • Reclaimers
  • Bucket elevators
  • Grain elevators
  • Hoppers
  • Silos
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